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Football is the most famous disciplinein the world. Demand huge. Hundreds of millions of fans watch matches of favorite teams. Attention growing constantly.
Of course for the specified sport can make a bet in a bookmaker's office. Shortly tell history of football.
Development of discipline
Football originated in antiquity. Disciplines with a ball were popular among citizens of many states. They were applied in:
• Asian countries;
• on the Apennines.
Inhabitants of Italy improved discipline. In the 16th century they introduced to the world the game "Calcio". With the growth trade relations, it came to the United Kingdom. Love in discipline formed instantly. By Popularity "Calcio" surpassed cricket.
Interest public appeared naturally. Game captivated with its dynamics. Battles on the court were serious. This permitted norms of football:
1. 2 teams.
2. 25 athletes each.
3. 15 offensive players.
4. Permission to fistfights.
Inhabitants of Foggy Albion made their norms. At first game wasn't standardized. In some places allowed to throw ball with hands, in others it was forbidden.
The first attempt to unification occurred in 1846. Cases wanted immediate response. players from different colleges entered the field on the field during the competition. Each player acted in accordance with known to himnorms. Outcome did not inspire optimism. However, players were fix a common set of rules.
Starting standardization became positive. Participation viewers increased. As a result in Great Britain there was the first specialized club. Roster named "Sheffield". It happened in 1857.
In 1863 formed The Football Association of England. Organization immediately created a standard code of norms games.
Gradually discipline developed. Created requirements for the field. Approved dimensions of the gate.
Important year became 1871. Then appeared the FA Cup. Tournament - oldest in the world.
1891 - year appearances in discipline kick from 11 meters. However, from current this strike different. Now shoot penalties from point. Earlier penetration was done from the line.
Discipline evolved. Love grew. As a result in the 1880s, the number of clubs passed over a hundred. Among the public began to arise rumors. Many athletes felt that certain teams give players incentives. In those days sports could be only amateur. According to the results norms changed. They added a clause prohibiting athletes have a salary.
Began sequence slander. Teams accused each other. Some clubs left the championship. After time requirement cancelled.
Growth of trade accelerated penetration of discipline to Europe. As a result sport became regulated at the international level. FIFA appeared in 1904. At the start association consisted of 7 countries.
Unified requirements clothing did not exist. Players was required to wear:
• hat or top hat;
• elongated stockings;
Normal established later. Initially footballers played without numbers. They appeared only in 1939.
Starting international tournament took place at the beginning of the last century. Discipline added to the Olympic Games. Participated only England, France, Belgium.
The heyday of the sport occurred in the 1950. In the world started playing high class stars.